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Project time

March-April 2004


Testing of WISDOM in the African context by carrying out an analysis of Senegal’s woodfuels consumption/production dynamics. The analysis referred uniquely to the consumption in household sector.

Institutional settings

Study conducted by FAO Wood Energy Programme in collaboration with the Centre de Suivie Ecologique (CSE), Dakar


Analysis carried out at level of Communautè Rurale (CR).[ 321 Commaunetés Rurales (CR), 96 Arrondissements, 31 Departements and 10 Regions]

Demand features

Urban and rural population data by CR and 1990 – 2010 time series. Saturation of fuelwood, charcoal and GPL by urban and rural users and by Region and estimated per-capita consumption rates. Socioeconomic parameters (access to drinking water, health services, market, roads and school) for 13000 villages and summarized by CR. Time series of household urban and rural consumption 1990-2010 by CR were developed, according to two different scenarios: A) 1996 consumption pattern (Semis survey) projected using urban/rural population growth rates; B) 1996 consumption pattern projected using urban/rural population growth rates and 1992-1996 consumption trends (comparison of ABF/DE 1992 and Semis 1996).

Supply features

Senegal vegetation map (based on USAID/DAT 1982) with stocking and productivity for each of the 30 classes of the map (derived from PSACD 1998); map of Senegal Protected areas with 5 categories; road network and distribution of 13000 villages; 3km buffer around roads and villages; estimated exploitable fraction of wood resources according to protection categories and distance from roads and villages. Time series of wood stocking and productivity (total and accessible fraction) by CR according to two change scenarios: EROS = stocking and productivity reduced in time according to the land use change estimated by EROS/USGS – CSE over the period 1965 – 2000 (Tappan et al, 2003);FRA = stocking and productivity reduced in time according to the forest area change estimated by FAO FRA 2000 (FAO 2001).

Integration features

Time series (1990-2010) of balance between household fuelwood and charcoal consumptions (scenarios A and B) and total/accessible wood resources (scenarios EROS and FRA). The balance analysis represented the first level of integration of supply and demand variables.

Woodshed/bio-shed analysis

Procedure not yet developed at time of the study.

Integration with other aspects

The set of indicators produced by CSE in it’s study on rural poverty was integrated and combined with woodfuels demand and supply parameters to create an overall preliminary Woodfuels Priority Index (WPI). WPI was developed using several indices based on the possible levels of consumption at year 2010, on the consequent local supply/demand balance and on socioeconomic parameters that represent the poverty level (CSE poverty index).


Definition of 2000-2010 scenarios (A= BAU and B= “dynamic”) based on changing consumption patterns. Priority ranking of Rural Communities according to combined levels of consumption and balance (scenario B) and of access to basic social services and infrastructures.


Drigo R. (unpublished report). WISDOM Senegal – Analysis of woodfuel production/consumption patterns in Senegal. Wood Energy Programme, FAO (The Consultancy document was not published in consideration of a follow-up phase that never materialized. Draft document available on request)