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Darfur, Sudan

Project time

2010 (updated in 2012)


To analyze the wood energy situation in Darfur with special reference to the Internally Displaced Populations (IDP) in support of strategic wood energy planning securing energy supply to vulnerable populations and sustainable resource management as contribution to the peace-building and rehabilitation process.

Institutional settings

FAO Timber and Energy Project, Darfur (OSRO/SUD/823/UEP) in collaboration with UNEP and Food Security Information for Action (SIFSIA N) FAO OSRO/SUD/620/MUL.


Multi-scale analysis: 1)Rapid WISDOM Appraisal (RWA) over Darfur and Kordofan States (300 m pixel size); 2) New land cover mapping within preliminary IDP Camps’ woodshed area; 3)Detailed WISDOM analysis within new map area (100 m pixel size).

Demand features

Demand 2011. Based on census 2008 and IDP data by camp site. Consumption in rural and urban areas in all sectors based on adjusted 1995 FAO/Forests National Corporation (FNC) Survey data; estimated per capita consumption in IDP camps. All demand parameters used in the RWA were reviewed on the basis of the (limited) recent references available, including the creation of a new population distribution map.

Supply features

Rapid WISDOM Appraisal: Globcover 2006 and results of previous study WISDOM East Africa (Drigo 2005) and productivity values from on-going WISDOM Global (Drigo, unpublished); physical accessibility based on Travel Time map (Nelson, 2008).
Detailed WISDOM analysis: New land cover map (LCCS approach); 1995 FAO/FNC National Forest Inventory data; .new accessibility map based on the 90m DTM.

Integration features

Pixel-level balance; Local-level balance within a 6km context ; “commercial” balance based on various minimum (local balance) surplus thresholds.

Woodshed/bio-shed analysis

Preliminary woodshed analysis for IDP Camps was done as part of the RWA for the delimitation of the land cover mapping area; Based on the detailed WISDOM analysis, IDP woodsheds were studied for two distinct purposes: i) Definition of minimum sustainable supply zone according to various scenarios; ii) analysis of non renewable biomass (NRB) fraction considering current harvesting zones around IDP Camps.

Integration with other aspects

Not (yet) implemented, but recommended to complement the biomass component with other essential natural resources thematic layers such as water, farming systems and livestock, poverty and vulnerability, in order to allow integrated cross-sectoral analyses.


With realistic assumptions, the woodshed of IDP Camps expands to include the majority of Darfur territory, highlighting the difficulty of the situation and emphasizing that all users (urban, rural, IDP, industries, etc.) are competing for the resource and that the strategies must address them all with locally-tailored action.
The “commercial” balance analysis allowed to define the minimum surplus thresholds necessary to meet the demand state by state. These thresholds must be confronted with true economically viable thresholds in order to determine the strategic lines area by area.
The woodshed analysis applied to the current supply zones around IDP camp sites revealed the NRB fractions of the current consumption and the consequent probable impact on natural biomass resources.
WISDOM Darfur provides a powerful contribution to the definition of priority areas of intervention to the peace building and rehabilitation process in Darfur.


Drigo R. and P. Codipietro. (in press). WISDOM Darfur - Land Cover mapping and WISDOM analysis for emergency and rehabilitation planning in Darfur. Update 2011. Project document FAO-NRL Project - DARFUR OSRO/SUD/823/UEP and Food Security Information for Action (SIFSIA N) FAO OSRO/SUD/620/MUL. FAO.